CDC Uniform Definitions and Recommended Data Elements to Address Elder Abuse Released
February 2, 2016 02:01 PM
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevent (CDC) has released “Elder Abuse Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Core Data Elements,” which contains proposed uniform definitions and core data elements to allow for better collaboration between experts in addressing elder abuse. A problematic issue in the effort to address elder abuse has been the lack of consistency in the definitions and data elements used across the nation.
“Longstanding divergences in the definitions and data elements used to collect information on Elder Abuse (EA) make it difficult to measure EA nationally, compare the problem across states, counties, and cities, and establish trends and patterns in the occurrence and experience of EA,” CDC stated. “To help remedy these problems and promote public health surveillance of EA, [CDC] and a diverse group of EA experts collaboratively produced version 1.0 of uniform definitions and recommended core data elements for possible use in standardizing the collection of EA data locally and nationally. Proposed uniform definitions were developed for the following phenomena (and for associated terms or elements that could be sources of confusion or disagreement).”
CDC proposed uniform definitions for the following:
Other Related Phenomena
Elder Abuse Circumstances or Consequences (associated concepts)
Subcategories in the Core Data Element set include:
1) Identifying Information,
2) Elder Demographics,
3) Elder Situational Data Elements,
4) Perpetrator Demographics,
5) Perpetrator Situational Data Elements,
6) Data Elements for All Abuse Events,
7) Physical Abuse Data Elements,
8) Sexual Abuse Data Elements,
9) Emotional/Psychological Abuse Data Elements,
10) Neglect by Caregivers Data Elements, and
11) Financial Abuse Data Elements.
In its Legislative Blueprint, the National Association for Home Care & Hospice supported full funding for the provisions of the Affordable Care Act that address elder abuse, including the collection of accurate and uniform data, as well as education and training in the identification and reporting of abuse.
According to CDC, “this initial release of Elder Abuse Surveillance: Uniform Definitions and Recommended Core Data Elements, Version 1.0 is intended to serve as a starting point. Many definitions, data element descriptions, and coding specifications are new, and field testing is necessary to evaluate them. Systematic field studies are needed to gauge the usefulness of the content of Version 1.0, identify optimal models, methods, and processes of data collection, and specify resource requirements for implementation. Prospective users of Version 1.0 are invited to contact CDC (via firstname.lastname@example.org) to discuss their plans for evaluating or using some or all of the recommended core data elements. Lessons learned through field use and evaluation will be a valuable source of input for subsequent revisions.”
The PDF released by CDC is available here.